From Martinique or Martinique

De martinique ou de la martinique

Which ocean for Martinique?

The North Atlantic The calm and tranquility of the latter contrasts with the continuous agitation of the Atlantic Ocean, whose tumultuous waves and assaults the steep and volcanic coasts of the North North Atlantic, domain of the wind and fauna.

Guadeloupe is larger than Martinique and is more varied. The island is divided into two distinct parts: Basse Terre, wild, green, mountainous, little urbanized (small authentic villages), with many rivers and two very beautiful beaches: Grande Anse and Petite Perle.

rich natural heritage. Martinique is one of the 35 global biodiversity hotspots (Caribbean Islands). Its wealth is unique due to the endemism of many species and the rare but also threatened nature of the heritage of the habitats that inhabit them.

Relief. Martinique has a volcanic origin. Volcanism first appeared in the south and then moved north (where it is still active, on Mount Pelee). To the north, we can see a volcanic mountainous region with the Mount Pelee volcano.

Is Martinique part of France?

Martinique became French in 1635: it was managed by the Compagnie des Iles d’Amérique, created by Richelieu. Slavery developed there from the middle of the 17th century in order to provide free labor to those who planted sugar cane.

Within the European Union, Guyana, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin, Martinique, Réunion, Mayotte, the Canary Islands, the Azores and Madeira enjoy the status of outermost regions. This status is recognized by Article 349 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

However, the status of foreign territory was maintained until 2003 when the remaining overseas territories (Mayotte, French Polynesia, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, Wallis-et-Futuna) became foreign communities (except Mayotte which is a foreign department).

Map of Martinique The island is located between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer in the center of the Caribbean archipelago and 7000 kilometers from France. Despite its small size, it is the second largest island in the Lesser Antilles, just behind Guadeloupe.

When did slavery begin in Martinique?

1642: Louis XIII authorizes the slave trade. 1672: A royal ordinance encourages private business by giving slave traders a bounty of thirteen pounds for each “negro’s head” imported from the colonies. March 1685: Louis XIV promulgates the Black Code, which regulates the life of slaves in the French colonies.

Victor SCHOELCHER, French Colonies. Immediate abolition of slavery, 1842.

The period before Colombia In Martinique, the oldest archaeological sites bear witness to the presence of Amerindians in the 1st century AD. The first inhabitants of Martinique are the Arawaks, who came from the Amazon.

On July 28, 1847, Denmark, which had banned the slave trade in 1802, abolished slavery in its colonies in the West Indies but provided for a period of 12 years, but the following year it was immediately freed (July 3, 1848).

Where is Martinique located in relation to France?

Both region and department, Martinique, located in the heart of the Antilles in the Caribbean Sea, is organized into a single territorial community. It is one of the five French overseas departments and regions and the ninth outermost region of the European Union.

Nature and landscapes With its steep hills, its hanging cliffs, its tropical forests and its white sand beaches, Martinique is not stingy with points of interest! … If Martinique is called “the island of flowers”, Guadeloupe is nicknamed Karukera, “the island of beautiful waters”.

Became a French possession in 1641, the island has a governor appointed by Mazarin in 1655. Emigration is mainly Breton and, in 1677, there are already nearly 5,000 people.