How to Learn Kurdish Phrases and Key Words

Comment  Apprendre des phrases et des mots clés en kurde

After conquering Iran and imposing their yoke on the Caliph of Baghdad, the Seljuk Turks in turn annexed the Kurdish principalities. Around 1150, Ahmed Sanjar, the last of the great Seljuk monarchs, created a province from these territories and named it Kurdistan.

Who created Kurdistan?

Who created Kurdistan?
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What are the origins of the Kurds? The Kurds (Kurds: Kurdish, کورد) are a people of Indo-European population, mostly of Sunni Muslim faith, who would number 30 to 40 million people living mainly in Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria.

Why is Turkey attacking the Kurds? During the 1990s, the Turkish government finally recognized Kurdish identity, promised economic investment in the region, and offered Kurds the opportunity to organize politically legally while carrying out offensive operations against the PKK, even in its sanctuary. Iraqi.

Who considers the PKK a terrorist? kɛ. kɛ]), founded in 1978, is a Kurdish armed political organization. Much of the international community, including Turkey, Australia, Canada, the United States, New Zealand, the European Union, NATO and the United Kingdom, considers him a terrorist.

Of these four states, only two have officially recognized a region called “Kurdistan”: Iran with the province of Kordestan and Iraq with its autonomous region of Kurdistan.

However, Kurdistan determines a zone, a region, and not an autonomous, sovereign and recognized State. Located in Western Asia, Kurdistan extends over nearly 520,000 km 2 and extends over four neighboring countries: Turkey to the north, Syria to the west, Iraq to the south and Iran to the East.

Is it dangerous to go to Iraq? Traveling to Iraq is not recommended. It is not recommended to travel to the semi-autonomous region of Kurdistan for tourist trips and any other non-urgent trip (provinces of Dahuk, Erbil, Sulaymaniyah).

He is the leader of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party and the initiator of democratic confederalism. Öcalan founded the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) in 1978, based on a program calling for a united, independent and socialist Kurdistan.

The Treaty of Sèvres, signed in 1920, provides for the creation of a Kurdish state, in accordance with Wilson’s principle of the right of peoples to self-determination. The borders of this Kurdistan then correspond to the region of Kurdish settlement around Diyarbakir (in present-day Turkey).

What is the religion of the Kurds?

What is the religion of the Kurds?
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Why can we oppose the situation of the Syrian and Iraqi Kurds? Conflicts between Syrian and Iraqi Kurds exist for historical reasons, not just political ones. Indeed, the division of Kurdistan in the 1920s led to the differentiation of political cultures, political fashions and political languages.

Which country speaks Kurdish? Kurdish is, along with Arabic, the official language of Iraqi Kurdistan, a federal autonomous region in northern Iraq.

The Kurds lead their ancestors to the Medes. This decline is subject to linguistic evidence, as Kurds speak a Western version of Iranian languages.

The vast majority of Kurds are Sunni Muslims (80%), “although this Sunnism is somewhat different from Arabs and Turks”, specified the expert. The rest of the Muslim Kurds are divided between Shiism and Alevism, a very strong Shiite dissent in Turkey.

The Kurds (Kurdish: Kurdish, Ú© ÙˆØ ± د) are an Indo-European people of the predominantly Sunni faith numbering 30 to 40 million who live mainly in Turkey, Iran, Iraq and Syria.

Why is Turkey attacking Syria? At the end of August 2016, the Turkish army launched Operation Euphrates Shield and intervened directly in northern Syria to expel the Islamic State from its border and prevent the PYD from establishing territorial continuity between the different cantons of the federal region of Rojava, declared on March 17. 2016.

Are the Kurds Muslims? Likewise, not all Kurds have a single religious identity: although most are Sunni Muslims, other religions also profess. On the other hand, one thing is clear, the Kurds share an ethnic identity and a common language.

Why Can we oppose the situation of the Syrian and Iraqi Kurds?

Why Can we oppose the situation of the Syrian and Iraqi Kurds?
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In 1920, the Treaty of Sèvres provided for the creation of a Kurdish state on the remnants of the destroyed Ottoman Empire, as well as for the other peoples of the region. But with the Treaty of Lausanne of 1923, the Middle East is divided into several countries which do not take into account the right of the Kurds to dispose of their land.

What is the origin of the Turks? The Turks, also called the Anatolian Turks (Turkish: sg…. Originally from Central Asia, settled in Anatolia in the 11th century with the conquest of the Seljuks, gradually moving the region from Greek and Christian lands to the Turkish and Muslim lands .

What is the Kurdish question? For twenty-five years, the Kurdish question has remained present in the Middle East. The plight of the Iraqi Kurds during the Gulf War has captured world attention and led to intervention by Western countries. …

Likewise, not all Kurds have a single religious identity: although most are Sunni Muslims, other religions also profess.

Divided since 1639 between the Persian and Ottoman empires, the Kurds then claimed the unity of the territory on which their people of Indo-European origin lived since Antiquity. In 1920, after the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the Allied forces promised to create a great state, Kurdistan.

The roots of the Turkish-Kurdish conflict have their origin in history, a common, intertwined, often conflicting history. Within the Ottoman Empire, the Kurds represent a people apart, a mountain people. … Since the 13th century, Kurdish territory has been subject to Turkish-Mongol invasions.

Who are the Sunnis and the Shiites?

Who are the Sunnis and the Shiites?
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How was Shiism born? They now represent 10 to 15% of Muslims. This branch of Islam was born from the successive quarrels which followed the death of Muhammad. But the conversion of the Iranian empire to Shiism in the 16th century gave them a foothold.

Geographically, Sunnis are widespread in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Turkey, Syria, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Central Asia. There are also Sunni communities in countries with a Shiite majority such as Iran, Iraq or Lebanon.

Shiites and Sunnis do not recognize the same successor. Those who choose Ali, the son-in-law of the Prophet, will become Shiites, while those, in the majority, who prefer to follow Abu Bakr, the companion of Muhammad, will become Sunnis.

Who first converted to Islam? The first three non-Arabs to accept Islam at the time of Muhammad would be: the Ethiopian Bilal, the Roman Sohaib (Suhayb ar-Rumi), Salman the Persian.

In most countries, they are in what is called the Muslim world. Shiites are the majority in Iraq and Iran, where it is the official religion. The Shiite minority is also present in several Sunni-majority countries, such as Syria and Lebanon.

What are Shia countries? Shiites represent 10 to 15% of Muslims. Two countries are predominantly Shia: Iran and Iraq. The area from the Middle East to North Africa (Mashreq and Maghreb) is the oldest in terms of population, but represents only 20% of Muslims.

What is the religion of Iraq? Islam has been present in Iraq since the 7th century, when Muhammad united the Arabian Peninsula around Islam. There are currently 97% Muslims in Iraq, which can be divided into Sunnis and Shiites.

The division between Sunnism and Shiism is historically the result of a conflict of inheritance, following the death of the Prophet, in 632 in Medina, in present-day Saudi Arabia. … According to the Shiites, legitimate power belongs by right to the direct descendants of the Prophet, through his daughter Fatima and his son-in-law Ali.