General information about Polynesia

French Polynesia is a group of five archipelagos located in the southern Pacific Ocean. This beautiful French overseas territory is renowned for its white sand beaches, verdant mountains and crystal clear waters. This article will provide you with all the general informations that you must know before going to this heavenly region.

Location and geography

French Polynesia is located in the South Pacific area, approximately 6,000 kilometers from the east coast of Australia. It is made up of 118 islands divided into five archipelagos: the Society Islands, the Marquesas Islands, the Austral Islands, the Tuamotu Islands and the Gambier Islands. Among the best-known islands are Tahiti, Bora Bora, Moorea, Raiatea and Huahine.

The total area of ​​the territory is approximately 4,167 square kilometers, spread over a area seafaring nearly 5 million of square kilometres. The islands are mostly of volcanic origin, with verdant mountains and coral reefs. The highest point in French Polynesia is Mount Orohena, located in Tahiti, with an altitude of 2,241 meters.

Climate and weather

French Polynesia enjoys a humid tropical climate, with average temperatures between 24 and 30 degrees Celsius. The rainy season, also called the hot season, lasts from November to April, while the dry season, or cool season, extends from May to October. The best time to visit the country is usually during the dry season, when temperatures are cooler and rainfall less frequent.

French Polynesia is home to exceptionally rich and diverse flora and fauna. It is particularly famous for its many coral reefs, where you can observe a multitude of marine species, such as rays, sharks, dolphins and tropical fish.

Among the terrestrial species, there are different varieties of birds, such as the Tahitian swallow, the rufous-bellied kingfisher and the Marquesas pigeon. The islands are also covered in lush vegetation, made up of coconut palms, banana trees and various species of flowers, including the iconic tiare, the national flower of Polynesia.

French Polynesia is a group of five archipelagos located in the South Pacific Ocean. These paradise islands are renowned for their white sand beaches, turquoise lagoons, lush mountains and unique Polynesian culture. Occupying an area of ​​approximately 4,000 km², French Polynesia consists of 118 islands, some of the most famous of which are Tahiti, Bora Bora and Moorea. The total population of the region is around 280,000, making it a popular destination for tourists looking for an idyllic vacation.

French Polynesia has a special status as an “overseas country” (POM) of the French Republic and, as such, enjoys considerable autonomy in terms of governance and legislation. Polynesian society is governed by the statute of autonomy established by the organic law of February 27, 2004, which can be consulted on This law determines the scope of powers exercised by Polynesian institutions and establishes a close relationship with the French State. Local political life is structured around elected leaders, whose president is the head of the regional government.

Polynesian culture is rich and diverse, mixing ancestral traditions and Western influences. The inhabitants of French Polynesia speak mainly French and Tahitian, but many other regional languages ​​are also spoken. Arts and dance, such as tamure, feature prominently in daily life and festivals, which celebrate local customs and historical heritage.

Tourism is a major pillar of the Polynesian economy, attracting thousands of visitors each year to its high-end resorts and traditional guesthouses. The islands of Polynesia offer a multitude of activities, from hiking in the mountains to boat trips on the crystal clear lagoons, through scuba diving and discovering the unique fauna of the region. Agriculture, especially the production of black pearls and fishing, is the other key sector of the local economy.

In short, French Polynesia is both a splendid and unique destination, offering an enchanting living environment and a rich culture to its visitors.

People and culture

French Polynesia has approximately 280,000 inhabitants, mostly of polynesian, but also French, Chinese and European. The official language is French, but most residents also speak Tahitian or other Polynesian languages.

Polynesian culture is rich and varied, with French, Chinese and American influences. Traditional dances, such as the tamure or the hula, hold an important place in cultural life and are often presented during shows or ceremonies.


Polynesian cuisine combines local flavors with French, Chinese and American influences. Typical dishes of the region include Tahitian-style raw fish, fafa (taro leaves and chicken with coconut), maa tahiti (pork and vegetables steamed in banana leaves) and the po’e (dessert made from fruit cooked in coconut milk).

Economy and currency

French Polynesia’s economy is mainly based on tourism, which accounts for around 25% of GDP. Other key sectors include fishing, pearl farming, agriculture and hydrocarbon production.

The official currency is the Pacific Franc (XPF). Tourist establishments generally accept major credit cards, but cash is recommended for transactions in local businesses and small restaurants.

travel and transportation

The main airport of French Polynesia, located in Papeete, is served by several international airlines. To move between the islands, travelers can use domestic flights, passenger boats or sea shuttles.

THE he is of French Polynesia offer a multitude of activities and tourist sites to discover, ranging from paradisiacal beaches to green mountains, passing by crystalline lagoons. Do not hesitate to venture off the beaten track to discover and fully appreciate the beauty and diversity of this unique region.

In summary, here are some general informations to know about French Polynesia:

– Location: South Pacific Ocean

– Area: 4,167 km²

– Population: 280,000 inhabitants

– Language: French (official), Tahitian

– Currency: Pacific Franc (XPF)

– Climate: humid tropical

– Best time to visit: May to October (dry season)

– Main activities: beaches, diving, hiking, boat trips, discovery of Polynesian culture

– Gastronomy: alliances of local flavors and French, Chinese and American influences.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

1. What vaccinations should I receive before going to French Polynesia?

There are no specific vaccinations required for travelers from Europe or North America. However, it is recommended to be up to date with universal vaccinations (diphtheria-tetanus-poliomyelitis, whooping cough, hepatitis B).

2. When is the best time to visit French Polynesia?

The best time to visit French Polynesia is during the dry season, which runs from May to October. Temperatures are cooler and rainfall less frequent during this period.

3. Do I need a visa to enter French Polynesia?

Nationals of the European Union, United Kingdom, United States, Canada and Australia do not need a visa for a stay of less than 90 days. Travelers from other countries should consult the French embassy or consulate for entry requirements.